The humble # hashtag has completed 13 on the twitter in August. An average of 125 million hashtags are tweeted each day. In fact the makers of Twitter had not even added the hashtag feature as it was thought it to be too nerdy for common people.
Hashtag was used earlier in c-language in the file header to include external file often present in the library. For example there is a library of files called header files which are readymade pieces of software to be used in the present program.
It was the users who discovered that tweeting a term with # as prefix makes the term a clickable link. This way, not only does the post get categorised under a certain topic, it also becomes searchable.
Clicking the tag shows users all the tweets containing the tag, making it easier to follow a discussion. In tech parlance, such public tagging is called “folksonomy” which is defined as “a user-generated system of classifying and organizing online content into different categories by the use of metadata such as electronic tags such as hashtag”
Today, hardly there will be someone who is on the Internet and not using any social media platforms like twitter, Facebook and YouTube. And almost everyone using social media must be familiar with the term “Troll”.
There are people who intentionally attack others online by posting offensive comments, totally unrelated comments, pictures and memes to deviate attention, distract, demoralise. These are called Trolls and what they do is called “Trolling”.
The victims, when they see their beliefs or convictions invaded get provoked and react with helplessness and anger. The more the person tries to defend himself more they are harassed. What is more is thin some social media platforms comments can be anonymous meaning it is even not possible to know the Troll.
Some Trolls do this for amusement. There are others who work on behalf of political parties and do the trolling of the rival leaders. For this they use the comments section of the post. Thus they begin what are called Flame Wars.
Where does the word Troll come from?
In the Norse mythology and Scandinavian folklore, dating about 1610, A Troll is a class of beings who dwell away from the common people in isolated places like rocks, caves, and mountains. They are dangerous to the human beings and harassed the passersby. Troll in the mythology means an ugly Giant.
Scale of data generated and used is astronomical in the internet. It becomes fruitless to figure out this on yearly, monthly even day basis. The scale is so mammoth that even 1 minute data will send your head spinning.
What happens in 1 minute on internet
- Facebook: 9,00,000 logins
- Whatsapp: 16 million text messages sent
- YouTube: 4.1 million videos viewed
- Google Play Store: 34200 app downloaded
- Instagram: 46200 posts updated
- Twitter: 452000 tweets
- Tinderbox: 990000 swipes
- Emails sent: 156 millions
- Spotify: 40000 hrs listened
- Amazon Echo: 50 devices shipped
- Linkedin: 120 new accounts opened
- GIFs sent via Messenger: 15000
- Snapchat: 1.8 million snaps created
- Spent online: $751522
- Netflix: 70017 hours watched
- Google: 3.5 million search queries.
It is a scientific fact that all living things evolved from the simplest single cell bacteria. These are called cyano-bacteria or green algae. They were the first harvesters of sun energy using photosynthesis and making food for themselves. Thus the food comes from the Sun.
Slowly, the life diversified, especially after the introduction of oxygen into the atmosphere thanks to these green algae. Living beings evolved which cannot make their own food like plants but use the food prepared by the plants and burn it with oxygen.
Then Darwin came and after a massive study and observations in the Canary Islands announced that higher forms of living things evolve slowly from the lower forms. This is a consequence of struggle for survival and survival rate of the fittest or the species which are capable of modifying themselves according to the environment are the best. Humans are a mere speck in this diversity majority of which is staked by the bacteria.
From water to land and from crawling to walking on four limbs, human freed their forelimbs to use them as tools and also stand upright which helps in running away from danger, following the prey and gain the greater ability to watch up to far away distances to locate the danger as well as food. But we have to pay the price for this in the form of backaches, diseases and difficult child birth.
Natural selection continuously sifts the best from the individuals of each generation. But this sometimes occurs clumsily, as old parts and genes are co-opted for new roles. As a result, all species inhabit bodies imperfect for the lives they live. Our own bodies are worse off than most simply because of the many differences between the wilderness in which we evolved and the modern world in which we live. We feel the consequences every day. Here is the first.
Our cells are weird chimeras
Multicellular life started when two cells merged and fused into one. The hunter cell swallowed the prey cell and encapsulated it. Then the prey became the mitochondrion. This is the machinery which provides the cell energy and makes possible its survival. Most of the time, this ancient symbiosis proceeds amicably.
But every so often, our mitochondria and their surrounding cells fight. The result is diseases, such as mitochondrial myopathies (a range of muscle diseases) or Leigh’s disease (which affects the central nervous system).
Other handicaps shall be discussed in subsequent posts.
After so many days, I am surprised that I am able to open my blog. It has been fully restored. Statistics also indicate the sudden rise in the viewer although I have not been able to open it for a long time. I am surprised as well as feeling a peculiar kind of relief because so much my entries were there. It seemed that someone has looted me at gun point.
Censorship, if all, the authorities think unavoidable should be applied judiciously not en masse. At least they must check what are the contents of the blog and whether they are harmful. So many artists have suffered untold punishments for their works. Sometimes it is from the authorities in the power and at others religious, regional feeling seem to be violated by the writings.
Many a times I thought in the past, first compose the draft of the post in the word processor and keep a copy of that for safety but never doubted that such harsh things like blocking of the innocuous material blog can happen in India. India has been exemplary in terms of liberty except a few aberrations. The censorship also made us realize the plight of artists in the intolerant countries. It was like snatching of the liberty which we have become habitual with and started taking it granted.
Anyway, today I am very happy that things seemed to have become normal again.