Cosmos is a mystery and man have been curios to know how it came into being. What was there in the beginning? In India the intelligent mind began striving since the first millennium, for convincing explanations of cosmic mystery.
In the latest phase of Rig Veda poets began wondering about creation. There is beautiful hymn called “Hymn of Creation” in the Rig Veda.
It marks the beginning of abstract thinking and work of a very great poet who is asking questions which are fundamental in nature. It portrays whole vision of mysterious chaos before creation and the ineffable forces working in the depths of the primeval void. It goes like this:
"Then even nothingness was not, nor existence. There was no air then, nor the heaven beyond it. All this was only unillumined water. What covered it? Where was it? In whose keeping? Then there was neither death nor immortality, Nor was there then the torch of night and day, The One breathed windlessly and self-sustaining. There was that One then, and there was no other. At first there was only darkness wrapped in darkness. That One which came to be, enclosed in nothing, arose at last, born of the power of heat.
“In the beginning desire descended on it-
that was the primal seed, born of the mind.
The sages who have searched their hearts with wisdom
know that which is is kin to that which is not.
“And they have stretched their cord across void.
and know what was above, and what below,
seminal powers made fertile mighty forces.
Below was strength, and over it was impulse.
“But, after all, who knows and who can say
whence it all come and how creation happened?
The gods themselves are later than creation,
so who knows truly whence it has arisen?
“Whence all creation had its origin,
he, whether he fashioned it or whether he did not
he, who surveys it all from highest heaven,
he knows -or maybe even he does not know”
This was used in Hindi as the starting track of the Doordarshan serial “Bharat Ek Khoj” by Shyam Benegal.
Modern physics is also striving to know the answer in theory called “Big Bang”. Its basic surmise is the there was energy only everywhere and matter did not come to existence. After the big band some of the energy condensed to become matter.