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Bacteria and Plants: Master Chemists

Bacteria and Plants are the master chemists. They synthesize mind boggling variety of macromolecules based compounds like sugars, proteins, lipids and enzymes using simple chemicals present in the medium and soil as the starting materials. Some of them take mineral carbon in the form of CO2 and water and partition it into products of great use e.g. proteins, sugars, lipids and hydrocarbons. As opposed to the their counterparts in the laboratory which can create optimum conditions like high temperature and pressure required for the reactions, they do the same synthesis under the prevailing conditions using enzymes which they synthesize in… Read More »Bacteria and Plants: Master Chemists

Odour Chemicals in Armpit 

Human Armpit cavity provides an ideal environment for growth of bacteria. The intensity of bacteria in the armpits is mind boggling. In fact, it is reported that there are a million bacteria per square centimeter. Not only are their population so high, there are so many different types of them. They produce chemicals by breaking down the precursor chemicals present in sweat which cause the stinking smell. The odours are so embarrassing to people that millions of dollars industry of deodorants thrives due to this. This means that in addition to ideal temperature and lodging facilities like folds of skin… Read More »Odour Chemicals in Armpit¬†

Chemistry by Nature

Nature is a great chemist. It synthesizes millions of compounds every moment ranging from simple molecules like methane to very complex molecules like carbohydrates, cellulose and proteins. Most of these compounds are synthesized by plants. From the plants they are passed on to animals because the animals cannot synthesize their food by themselves. But there are many chemical reactions occurring inside the cells like breaking down the complex molecules and unlocking the energy which is stored in them. Where does all the energy locked inside the different molecules come from? Most of it is derived from the Sun light. In… Read More »Chemistry by Nature

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