To understand the events as they happened in the past is one of the most complex exercises undertaken by the scholars. It is almost impossible to be unbiased and unconcerned while reconstructing the events. So history is mine, yours and other peoples’. As we go further and further back in the past, the evidence becomes meager and meagre and assumptions and conjectures and evaluators ability become crucial factors.
Today archaeologists and historians are using latest scientific tools for age determination, composition of the materials used in pottery and heat treatment it was given. These pieces of evidence along with the written documents like holy books bring us to the realistic picture of the past. I was reading excerpts of a talk given by India’s most respected historian Romila Thapar about who were the Aryans and how they came to India. After going through this article, I was awestruck with the knowledge of the lady. She has busted may myths about the theories about Aryans which are being used by political people in their own ways to further their cause.
She very rightly concludes in the end that these people did not come as a deluge and swept away the existing civilizations to the South. They were pastoral people who migrated into India in slow stream, in what is called leap frogging. They coexisted with the local people. Both contributed to the culture of each other and intermarried also. As the rivers of the Punjab, which are very crucial for the cattle owners, shifted their paths very rapidly, they also shifted towards Gangetic plains for pastures and spread eastwards clinging close to the rivers for their existence. Their competition and struggles were for controlling the more and more cattle and land.
It also came to the knowledge that Avesta of Iran and Rigveda has many things and names of places and river name in common with only difference of substitution of H in place of S used in Rigveda. For example Sapta Sindhu is written as Hapt Hindu. Really the interpretation is fascinating and magical. Another book I was just ruminating through is about Somnath temple history as told by different schools of thoughts and people.