The Sunway TaihuLight is the fastest supercomputer as of November 2017 ranked number one in the Top500 list. It has a speed of 93 petaflops on LINPACK benchmark rating (1 petaflop=10 raised by 15) . FLOP stands for “floating point per second”.
It is in China and was designed by National Research Center of Parallel Computer Engineering And Technology. It is located at the National Supercomputing Centre in Wuxi in Jiangsu province of China.
China beat the US in global rankings done by website Top500 which tracks the supercomputers. Benchmark tests are done by experts from Germany and US.
Some 202 supercomputers are in China as compared to 143 in US. China leads not only in numbers but aggregate computing power.
List of top 5 is as under
- Sunway TaihuLight……. China
- Tianhe-2 (Milky way-2)….. China
- Piz Daint… Switzerland
- Gyoukou…… Japan
The fastest supercomputer is being used in climate modelling and science research.
With 1 barrel of oil with 32 API or 7.21pounds per gallon(specific gravity=0.864) , this much can be made and done.
1. Wax for 170 birthday candles or for making 27 crayons
2. Lubricants to make 1 quart of motor oil
3. About 4 pounds of charcoal briquettes
4. Gasoline to drive a medium sized motor car (7.2 km/litre) for 451 kilometres
5. Distillate to drive a large truck (2 km/liter) 64 kms. If jet fuel fraction is included then 80.5 kms.
6. Asphalt to make 3.785 liter of tar for roof patching
7. 70 KW hours of electricity at a power plant
8. Liquified gases such as propane to fill 12 small (14.1 ounces) cylinders.
After all this, there would be enough petrochemical left in the same barrel for making
750 pocket combs
65 plastic drinking cups
11 telephone housing
39 polyester shirts
65 plastic dustpans
23 hula hoops
135 four inches rubber balls
195 one-cup measuring cups
Thanks to Infographics website
Size: 105.602 carats (21.1204 g)
Colour: Finest white
Discovered: Date unknown in India
The name means” Mountain of light” in Persian language. Once known as the largest diamond in the world. It is believed to have originated in Andhra together with its double called”Darya-ye-Noor” meaning “Sea of light”.
It was originally owned by Kakatiya Dynasty which installed it in a temple as the EYE of the goddess. It has had a troubled history having been stolen, confiscated or taken over as war loot by various invaders.
Presently it is a part of the Crown of Queen Elizabeth having been confiscated from its owners in 1850 by imperial powers.
Western powers have monopolized the nuclear power and weapons. Russia and US hold 92% of the resources. Treaties like CTBT discriminate against the rest of the countries who want to use nuclear resources even for peaceful purposes. India has not signed this treaty. Supply of nuclear materials is controlled by Nuclear Supplies Group (NSG) which is largely controlled by US and Russia and puts discriminatory conditions on developing nations.This is why they are bitterly opposing nuclear tests by North Korea who is not toeing to their line.
Here are statistics
No. of nuclear tests:
USSR Russia: 715
North Korea: 6