Pusa 1121 is an evolved variety of Pusa Basmati rice developed by Indian scientists at PUSA. This variety of rice is known for its extraordinary length, which can be as much as 9.5 mm for a single grain which is world record length. It is in high demand among the rice loving Middle East.
Punjab and Haryana produce maximum rice of this variety. At 5 lakh tonnes annually, Ferozepur in Punjab tops the production. India and Pakistan both produce the rice in large quantities and export. Earlier the rice to Middle East was exported from Pakistan but India seemed to beat the Pakistan now.
Rough, milled and cooked rice of Pusa 1121(top), Pusa Basmati 1(middle) & Taraori Basmati (bottom)
In the Ferozepur area bordering the Pakistan, politics are being played on negotiating with Pakistan for giving train passage to rice for taking it to Karachi and from there exporting it to Middle East. The demand is made to revive the Rewari Karachi railway line which operated till independence. Channan wala is the last station in the Indian side. There is also demand for opening an truck route from Hussainiwala on the lines of Attari route. Below is the chart comparing rough, milled and boiled with two more varieties